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    Suomi finnland

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    Die Finnen erlangten ihre Unabhängigkeit am 6. Dezember Das Land feiert sein Jubiläumsjahr in Finnland und rund um den Globus mit unzähligen. Juli Die Herkunft der Bezeichnung Suomi oder Finnland beschäftigt die Forscher seit vielen Jahren. Es gibt sowohl für den Begriff Finnland als. Das Finnland Suomi Magazin enthält viel Wissenswertes über Finnland und streift alle Bereiche des gesellschaftlichen Lebens in Suomi.

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    In Gelddingen sind die Frauen in der Regel selbstständig, und es ist keinesfalls ungewöhnlich, dass sie ihr Essen im Restaurant selbst zahlen. Weiter wird auf die einheitliche Schulausbildung für alle Schüler unabhängig von ihrem sozioökonomischen Hintergrund und das damit bessere Abschneiden der schwächeren Schüler verwiesen. Darüber ist man in Finnland froh. Finnland versteht sich seit der Nachkriegszeit als ausgeprägter Wohlfahrtsstaat. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Die Wurzeln der finnischsprachigen Bevölkerung waren Gegenstand wiederholter Kontroversen und können bis heute nicht als geklärt gelten. Erfolge bei sportlichen Wettkämpfen sind für die Finnen ein wichtiger Teil ihrer nationalen Identität.

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    Juhannus vaati ainakin 19 kuolonuhria — tässä kartta turmista, Die Russen in Finnland stellen mit fast Ursprünglich bezog sich das Wort auf einen Lappen beziehungsweise Sami. Finnland gehört heute zu den wohlhabenden Ländern innerhalb der Europäischen Union. Ab der Völkerwanderungszeit kam Finnland über den sich ausweitenden Ostseehandel stärker in Kontakt mit dem übrigen Europa; im Hochmittelalter wurde es christianisiert. Träumen unter den Nordlichtern. Zugehörige Kommentare, Verweise und verwandte Artikel werden unten aufgeführt. Gletscher bedeckten bis vor rund Grundzüge der finnischen Geschichte Finnlands Epochen unter schwedischer und russischer Herrschaft sowie als selbstständiger Staat kurz zusammengefasst. Einzig der Dom von Turku erreicht die Proportionen mitteleuropäischer Kathedralen.

    The border guard is under the Ministry of the Interior but can be incorporated into the Defence Forces when required for defence readiness.

    At first he was reported be a casual Arabic student, however only later it was published that his studies were about jihadists, terrorism, and that he was employed by the military.

    In May , Finnish Military sent nearly one million letters to all relevant males in the country, informing them about their roles in the war effort.

    It was globally speculated that Finland was preparing for war—however Finland claimed that this was a standard procedure, yet something never done before in Finnish history.

    The economy of Finland has a per capita output equal to that of other European economies such as those of France, Germany, Belgium , or the UK.

    Primary production represents 2. The gross domestic product peaked in Finland has significant timber, mineral iron , chromium , copper , nickel , and gold , and freshwater resources.

    Forestry , paper factories, and the agricultural sector on which taxpayers spend [ clarification needed ] around 3 billion euros annually are important for rural residents so any policy changes affecting these sectors are politically sensitive for politicians dependent on rural votes.

    Knowledge-intensive services have also resulted in the smallest and slow-growth sectors — especially agriculture and low-technology manufacturing — being ranked the second largest after Ireland.

    Finland is highly integrated into the global economy, and international trade produces one third of GDP. Trade policy is managed by the European Union, where Finland has traditionally been among the free trade supporters, except for agricultural policy.

    Annual precipitation is usually sufficient, but it occurs almost exclusively during the winter months, making summer droughts a constant threat. In response to the climate, farmers have relied on quick-ripening and frost-resistant varieties of crops, and they have cultivated south-facing slopes as well as richer bottomlands to ensure production even in years with summer frosts.

    Most farmland was originally either forest or swamp, and the soil has usually required treatment with lime and years of cultivation to neutralize excess acid and to improve fertility.

    Irrigation has generally not been necessary, but drainage systems are often needed to remove excess water. In , the government published the Forest plan, drawn up by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

    Private sector employees amount to 1. The average cost of a private sector employee per hour was Gender segregation between male-dominated professions and female-dominated professions is higher than in the US.

    The unemployment rate was 9. As of [update] , 2. The average size is 2. Residential buildings total 1. The average residential property without land costs 1, euro per sq metre and residential land 8.

    The average total household consumption was 20, euro, out of which housing consisted of about 5, euro, transport about 3, euro, food and beverages excluding alcoholic beverages at around 2, euro, and recreation and culture at around 2, euro.

    However, second quarter of saw a slow economic growth. Unemployment rate fell to a near one-decade low in June, marking private consumption growth much higher.

    Finland has the highest concentration of cooperatives relative to its population []. The largest retailer, which is also the largest private employer, S-Group , and the largest bank, OP-Group in the country are both cooperatives.

    As of [update] , Finland has roughly the lowest industrial electricity prices in the EU equal to France.

    In , the energy market was around 90 terawatt hours and the peak demand around 15 gigawatts in winter.

    This means that the energy consumption per capita is around 7. Energy companies are about to increase nuclear power production, as in July the Finnish parliament granted permits for additional two new reactors.

    The extensive road system is utilized by most internal cargo and passenger traffic. The annual state operated road network expenditure of around 1 billion euro is paid with vehicle and fuel taxes which amount to around 1.

    The main international passenger gateway is Helsinki Airport with about 17 million passengers in Oulu Airport is the second largest, whilst another 25 airports have scheduled passenger services.

    Helsinki has an optimal location for great circle i. These services are branded as "Allegro" trains. The journey from Helsinki to Saint Petersburg takes only three and a half hours.

    The majority of international cargo utilizes ports. Port logistics prices are low. Vuosaari Harbour in Helsinki is the largest container port after completion in and others include Kotka , Hamina , Hanko , Pori , Rauma , and Oulu.

    The Helsinki-Tallinn route, one of the busiest passenger sea routes in the world, has also been served by a helicopter line. The "metal industry" includes shipbuilding, metalworking, the car industry, engineered products such as motors and electronics, and production of metals steel, copper and chromium.

    However, the Finnish economy has diversified, with expansion into fields such as electronics e. Rovio Entertainment , known for Angry Birds , and is no longer dominated by the two sectors of metal and forest industry.

    Likewise, the structure has changed, with the service sector growing, with manufacturing reducing in importance; agriculture is only a minor part.

    Despite this, production for export is still more prominent than in Western Europe, thus making Finland more vulnerable to global economic trends.

    Finnish politicians have often emulated other Nordics and the Nordic model. The level of protection in commodity trade has been low, except for agricultural products.

    Finland has top levels of economic freedom in many areas. In the Business competitiveness index — Finland ranked third in the world.

    Economists attribute much growth to reforms in the product markets. Nordic countries were pioneers in liberalizing energy, postal, and other markets in Europe.

    This indicates exceptional ease in cross-border trading 5th , contract enforcement 7th , business closure 5th , tax payment 83rd , and low worker hardship th.

    Finnish law forces all workers to obey the national contracts that are drafted every few years for each profession and seniority level.

    A lack of a national agreement in an industry is considered an exception. Much of the sudden growth can be attributed to the globalisation and modernisation of the country as well as a rise in positive publicity and awareness.

    There are many attractions in Finland which attracted over 8 million visitors in The Finnish landscape is covered with thick pine forests and rolling hills, and complemented with a labyrinth of lakes and inlets.

    Much of Finland is pristine and virgin as it contains 40 national parks from the Southern shores of the Gulf of Finland to the high fells of Lapland.

    Finland also has urbanised regions with many cultural events and activities. Finland is locally regarded as the home of Saint Nicholas or Santa Claus , living in the northern Lapland region.

    Lapland is so far north that the Aurora Borealis , fluorescence in the high atmosphere due to solar wind , is seen regularly in the fall, winter, and spring.

    Outdoor activities range from Nordic skiing , golf, fishing, yachting , lake cruises, hiking, and kayaking , among many others. Wildlife is abundant in Finland.

    Bird-watching is popular for those fond of avifauna, however hunting is also popular. Elk and hare are common game in Finland.

    Olavinlinna in Savonlinna hosts the annual Savonlinna Opera Festival. The population of Finland is currently about 5.

    Approximately half of voters are estimated to be over 50 years old. This is the third-lowest population density of any European country, behind those of Norway and Iceland , and the lowest population density in the EU.

    Two of the three largest cities in Finland are situated in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area — Helsinki and Espoo.

    Tampere holds the third place while also Helsinki-neighbouring Vantaa is the fourth. If they are born in Finland and cannot get citizenship of any other country, they become citizens.

    Finnish and Swedish are the official languages of Finland. The language is one of only four official EU languages not of Indo-European origin.

    Finnish is closely related to Karelian and Estonian and more remotely to the Sami languages and Hungarian. Swedish is the native language of 5.

    The Nordic languages and Karelian are also specially treated in some contexts. Finnish Romani is spoken by some 5,—6, people; it and Finnish Sign Language are also recognized in the constitution.

    There are two sign languages: Finnish Sign Language , spoken natively by 4,—5, people, [] and Finland-Swedish Sign Language , spoken natively by about people.

    Tatar language is spoken by a Finnish Tatar minority of about people who moved to Finland mainly during the Russian rule from the s until the s.

    Sami language has an official language status in the north, in Lapland or in northern Lapland, where the Sami people predominate, numbering around 7, [] and recognized as an indigenous people.

    About a quarter of them speak a Sami language as their mother tongue. The rights of minority groups in particular Sami , Swedish speakers , and Romani people are protected by the constitution.

    The largest immigrant languages are Russian 1. German, French, Spanish and Russian can be studied as second foreign languages from the fourth grade at 10 years of age; some schools may offer other options.

    A citizen of Finland that speaks bilingually Finnish and Swedish will often be registered as a Finnish only speaker in this system. Similarly "old domestic language" is a category applied to some languages and not others for political not linguistic reasons, for example Russian.

    A small minority belongs to the Finnish Orthodox Church 1. Other Protestant denominations and the Roman Catholic Church are significantly smaller, as are the Muslim 2.

    The main Lutheran and Orthodox churches are national churches of Finland with special roles such as in state ceremonies and schools.

    In , Finland was the first Nordic country to disestablish its Evangelical Lutheran church by introducing the Church Act, followed by the Church of Sweden in Although the church still maintains a special relationship with the state, it is not described as a state religion in the Finnish Constitution or other laws passed by the Finnish Parliament.

    As an autonomous Grand Duchy under Russia —, Finland retained the Lutheran State Church system, and a state church separate from Sweden, later named the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland , was established.

    It was detached from the state as a separate judicial entity when the new church law came to force in After Finland had gained independence in , religious freedom was declared in the constitution of and a separate law on religious freedom in Through this arrangement, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland lost its position as a state church but gained a constitutional status as a national church alongside the Finnish Orthodox Church , whose position however is not codified in the constitution.

    However, the majority of Lutherans attend church only for special occasions like Christmas ceremonies, weddings, and funerals.

    The Lutheran Church estimates that approximately 1. Life expectancy has increased from 71 years for men and 79 years for women in to 79 years for men and 84 years for women in There has been a slight increase or no change in welfare and health inequalities between population groups in the 21st century.

    Lifestyle-related diseases are on the rise. More than half a million Finns suffer from diabetes , type 1 diabetes being globally the most common in Finland.

    Many children are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The number of musculoskeletal diseases and cancers are increasing, although the cancer prognosis has improved.

    Allergies and dementia are also growing health problems in Finland. One of the most common reasons for work disability are due to mental disorders, in particular depression.

    There are residents for each doctor. Most pre-tertiary education is arranged at municipal level. Even though many or most schools were started as private schools, today only around 3 percent of students are enrolled in private schools mostly specialist language and international schools , much less than in Sweden and most other developed countries.

    Primary school takes normally six years and lower secondary school three years. Most schools are managed by municipal officials. The flexible curriculum is set by the Ministry of Education and the Education Board.

    Education is compulsory between the ages of 7 and After lower secondary school, graduates may either enter the workforce directly, or apply to trade schools or gymnasiums upper secondary schools.

    Trade schools offer a vocational education: Graduation from either formally qualifies for tertiary education. In tertiary education, two mostly separate and non-interoperating sectors are found: Education is free and living expenses are to a large extent financed by the government through student benefits.

    Forest improvement, materials research, environmental sciences, neural networks, low-temperature physics, brain research, biotechnology, genetic technology, and communications showcase fields of study where Finnish researchers have had a significant impact.

    Finland has a long tradition of adult education, and by the s nearly one million Finns were receiving some kind of instruction each year.

    Forty percent of them did so for professional reasons. Study centres allowed groups to follow study plans of their own making, with educational and financial assistance provided by the state.

    Folk high schools are a distinctly Nordic institution. Originating in Denmark in the nineteenth century, folk high schools became common throughout the region.

    Adults of all ages could stay at them for several weeks and take courses in subjects that ranged from handicrafts to economics. Finland is highly productive in scientific research.

    In a new law was enacted considering the universities, which defined that there are 16 of them as they were excluded from the public sector to be autonomous legal and financial entities, however enjoying special status in the legislation.

    The change caused deep rooted discussions among the academic circles. English language is important in Finnish education. There are a number of degree programs that are taught in English, which attracts thousands of degree and exchange students every year.

    In December the OECD reported that Finnish fathers spend an average of eight minutes a day more with their school-aged children than mothers do.

    Written Finnish could be said to have existed since Mikael Agricola translated the New Testament into Finnish during the Protestant Reformation , but few notable works of literature were written until the nineteenth century and the beginning of a Finnish national Romantic Movement.

    Many writers of the national awakening wrote in Swedish, such as the national poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg and Zachris Topelius.

    The visual arts in Finland started to form their individual characteristics in the 19th century, when Romantic nationalism was rising in autonomic Finland.

    The best known of Finnish painters, Akseli Gallen-Kallela , started painting in a naturalist style, but moved to national romanticism. Finns have made major contributions to handicrafts and industrial design: Finnish architecture is famous around the world, and has contributed significantly to several styles internationally, such as Jugendstil or Art Nouveau , Nordic Classicism and Functionalism.

    Among the top twentieth-century Finnish architects to gain international recognition are Eliel Saarinen and his son Eero Saarinen. Architect Alvar Aalto is regarded as among the most important twentieth-century designers in the world; [] he helped bring functionalist architecture to Finland, but soon was a pioneer in its development towards an organic style.

    Karelian culture is perceived as the purest expression of the Finnic myths and beliefs, less influenced by Germanic influence than the Nordic folk dance music that largely replaced the kalevaic tradition.

    Finnish folk music has undergone a roots revival in recent decades, and has become a part of popular music. The people of northern Finland, Sweden, and Norway, the Sami , are known primarily for highly spiritual songs called joik.

    The same word sometimes refers to lavlu or vuelie songs, though this is technically incorrect. The first Finnish opera was written by the German-born composer Fredrik Pacius in In the s Finnish nationalism based on the Kalevala spread, and Jean Sibelius became famous for his vocal symphony Kullervo.

    He soon received a grant to study runo singers in Karelia and continued his rise as the first prominent Finnish musician. In he composed Finlandia , which played its important role in Finland gaining independence.

    Finnish popular music also includes various kinds of dance music ; tango , a style of Argentine music , is also popular. The light music in Swedish-speaking areas has more influences from Sweden.

    Modern Finnish popular music includes a number of prominent rock bands, jazz musicians, hip hop performers, dance music acts, etc. During the early s, the first significant wave of Finnish rock groups emerged, playing instrumental rock inspired by groups such as The Shadows.

    Around , Beatlemania arrived in Finland, resulting in further development of the local rock scene. During the late s and s, Finnish rock musicians increasingly wrote their own music instead of translating international hits into Finnish.

    During the decade, some progressive rock groups such as Tasavallan Presidentti and Wigwam gained respect abroad but failed to make a commercial breakthrough outside Finland.

    This was also the fate of the rock and roll group Hurriganes. Many Finnish metal bands have gained international recognition. Apocalyptica are an internationally famous Finnish group who are most renowned for mixing strings-led classical music with classic heavy metal.

    Around twelve feature films are made each year. Today, there are around newspapers, popular magazines, 2, professional magazines, 67 commercial radio stations, three digital radio channels and one nationwide and five national public service radio channels.

    Each year, around 12, book titles are published and 12 million records are sold. Sanoma publishes the newspaper Helsingin Sanomat its circulation of , [] making it the largest , the tabloid Ilta-Sanomat , the commerce-oriented Taloussanomat and the television channel Nelonen.

    The other major publisher Alma Media publishes over thirty magazines, including the newspaper Aamulehti , tabloid Iltalehti and commerce-oriented Kauppalehti.

    Worldwide, Finns, along with other Nordic peoples and the Japanese, spend the most time reading newspapers. Yle, the Finnish Broadcasting Company, operates five television channels and thirteen radio channels in both national languages.

    Yle is funded through a mandatory television license and fees for private broadcasters. All TV channels are broadcast digitally , both terrestrially and on cable.

    Finland ranked 1st overall in the NRI ranking, unchanged from the year before. Value-added services are rare.

    Finnish cuisine is notable for generally combining traditional country fare and haute cuisine with contemporary style cooking.

    Fish and meat play a prominent role in traditional Finnish dishes from the western part of the country, while the dishes from the eastern part have traditionally included various vegetables and mushrooms.

    Refugees from Karelia contributed to foods in eastern Finland. Finnish foods often use wholemeal products rye , barley , oats and berries such as bilberries , lingonberries , cloudberries , and sea buckthorn.

    Milk and its derivatives like buttermilk are commonly used as food, drink, or in various recipes. Various turnips were common in traditional cooking, but were replaced with the potato after its introduction in the 18th century.

    According to the statistics, red meat consumption has risen, but still Finns eat less beef than many other nations, and more fish and poultry.

    This is mainly because of the high cost of meat in Finland. All official holidays in Finland are established by Acts of Parliament.

    Christmas is the most extensively celebrated, and at least 24 to 26 December is taken as a holiday. Various sporting events are popular in Finland. In terms of medals and gold medals won per capita, Finland is the best performing country in Olympic history.

    At the Summer Olympics , great pride was taken in the three gold medals won by the original " Flying Finn " Hannes Kolehmainen.

    At the Summer Olympics , Finland, a nation then of only 3. In the s and s, Finnish long-distance runners dominated the Olympics, with Paavo Nurmi winning a total of nine Olympic gold medals between and and setting 22 official world records between and Nurmi is often considered the greatest Finnish sportsman and one of the greatest athletes of all time.

    For over years, Finnish male and female athletes have consistently excelled at the javelin throw. The event has brought Finland nine Olympic gold medals, five world championships, five European championships, and 24 world records.

    Finland is also one of the most successful nations in bandy , being the only nation beside Russia and Sweden to win a Bandy World Championship.

    The Summer Olympics were held in Helsinki. Other notable sporting events held in Finland include the and World Championships in Athletics. Finland also has a notable history in figure skating.

    Finnish skaters have won 8 world championships and 13 junior world cups in synchronized skating, and Finland is considered one of the best countries at the sport.

    Some of the most popular recreational sports and activities include floorball , Nordic walking , running, cycling, and skiing alpine skiing , cross-country skiing , and ski jumping.

    Floorball, in terms of registered players, occupies third place after football and ice hockey. According to the Finnish Floorball Federation, floorball is the most popular school, youth, club and workplace sport.

    More than 8, Finns travelled to Spain to support their team. Overall, they chartered more than 40 airplanes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

    This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 February This article is about the European country.

    Samma morgon fick Helsingfors erfara flygbombningar. Under vinterkriget hade Finland orienterat sig mot Skandinavien. I oktober kom saken fram igen i form av en svensk-finsk union.

    I och med samarbetet med tyskarna blev man snart medveten om Tysklands planerade operation mot Sovjetunionen. Stridigheterna avslutades 4 september och fredsavtalet undertecknandes 19 september I och med mellanfreden i Moskva hade Finland lyckats undvika ockupation.

    Seuraavana vuonna Suomelle vahvistettiin tasavaltainen hallitusmuoto. Vuonna Suomessa alkanut talouslama aiheutti kommunistien ja oikeistoradikaalien voimistumisen.

    Samaan aikaan Neuvostoliitto painosti Suomea vaatimuksilla alueluovutuksista, kauttakulusta ja nikkelituotannosta. Pohjois-Suomessa puolustus ja rintamavastuu oli luovutettu saksalaisjoukoille.

    Ulkopoliittiseksi linjaksi muodostui Paasikiven—Kekkosen linja. Toisaalta Suomi joutui vuonna solmimaan YYA-sopimuksen , joka sitoi Suomen sotilaallisesti Neuvostoliiton vaikutuspiiriin.

    Suomi liittyi Euroopan unioniin 1. Vuosien — IT-alan noususuhdanne aiheutti IT-kuplan: Kansalaisten tuloerot kasvoivat Suomessa erityisen nopeasti vuosina — Suomen valtiomuoto on tasavalta.

    Eduskunnan perustuslakivaliokunta valvoo valmistavien lakien perustuslain mukaisuutta. Eduskuntavaaleissa suurimmaksi puolueeksi nousi keskusta.

    Korkeimmat oikeusasteet ovat korkein oikeus ja korkein hallinto-oikeus. Valtion aluehallintoa varten Suomi on jaettu kuuden aluehallintoviraston ja niihin rinnastettavan Ahvenanmaan valtionviraston toimialueisiin: Suomessa on hieman yli kuntaa.

    Erilaiset lautakunnat avustavat hallitusta toimissaan. Maakunnat toteuttavat kunnallisen itsehallinnon alueellisella tasolla. Yksi maakunnista, Ahvenanmaa , on itsehallinnollinen.

    Suomen puolustusvoimat jaetaan kolmeen haaraan: Puolustusvoimien komentaja on kenraali Jarmo Lindberg. Varusmiespalvelun suorittavien osuus Suomessa on maailman korkeimpia.

    Suomi on osallistunut Naton kriisinhallintaoperaatioon Afganistanissa vuodesta alkaen. Suomessa on luonnonvaroina puuta ja mineraaleja. Suomen palvelusektori muodostaa suurimman osan taloudesta.

    Viennin osuus on yli kolmasosa koko kansantuotteesta. Suomen taloutta kuvaavat avoimuus globalisaatiolle ja julkisen sektorin vahva asema.

    Suomen markkinat kuuluvat Euroopan vapaimpiin. Inflaatio on pysynyt alhaisena. Veroprosentti on progressiivinen , eli se kasvaa tulojen kasvaessa.

    Vuonna Suomen liikevaihdoltaan suurin yritys oli Neste Oil. Energiankulutus asukasta kohti on Suomessa Euroopan unionin suurinta.

    Suomessa on 15 yliopistoa. Virtanen palkittiin vuonna Nobelin kemianpalkinnolla. Suomessa on 27 lentoasemaa , joista suurin on Vantaalla sijaitseva Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema.

    Laivaliikenteen suosiota nostaa Ahvenanmaan kautta kulkevilla laivoilla mahdollinen veroton myynti.

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    Veroprosentti on progressiivinen , eli se kasvaa tulojen kasvaessa. Vuonna Suomen liikevaihdoltaan suurin yritys oli Neste Oil. Energiankulutus asukasta kohti on Suomessa Euroopan unionin suurinta.

    Suomessa on 15 yliopistoa. Virtanen palkittiin vuonna Nobelin kemianpalkinnolla. Suomessa on 27 lentoasemaa , joista suurin on Vantaalla sijaitseva Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema.

    Laivaliikenteen suosiota nostaa Ahvenanmaan kautta kulkevilla laivoilla mahdollinen veroton myynti. Suomesta muutetaan eniten muihin EU-maihin.

    Suomen perustuslain mukaan maan kansalliskielet ovat suomi ja ruotsi. Suomen romanit , tataari ks. Suomen tataarit ja suomalainen viittomakieli.

    Vuoden lopussa 70,9 prosenttia kansasta kuului evankelis-luterilaiseen kirkkoon. Kolmasosa valitsee rahan tarvikepakkauksen sijaan. Lapset saavat ilmaisen terveyden- ja hammashuollon vuotiaaksi.

    Suomen suurimmat kunnat Kunnat hallitsevat alueensa peruskouluja, lukioita ja osaa ammatillisista oppilaitoksista. Parhaan romaanin Finlandia-palkinto jaetaan vuosittain.

    Vanhin suomenkielinen ammattiteatteri, Suomen Kansallisteatteri , perustettiin Suomen taide koki kultakautensa luvun lopulla ja luvun alussa.

    Ennen lukua suurin osa Suomen taloista oli rakennettu puusta. Vuonna yritys kohosi tuotantoluvuissaan samalle tasolle siihen asti Suomen elokuva-alaa yksin hallinneen Suomi-Filmin kanssa.

    Erik Blombergin Valkoinen peura palkittiin Cannesin elokuvajuhlilla. Esa Pakarisen ja Reino Helismaan johdolla esiteltiin niin kutsuttu rillumarei -elokuva luvun alkupuolella.

    Kriitikot inhosivat, kansa rakasti. Se oli Oscar -ehdokkaana ja voitti Cannesin elokuvajuhlien Grand Prix -palkinnon.

    Suomen suurin kaupallinen televisiokanava on vuonna perustettu MTV3 , jonka omistaa ruotsalainen Bonnier. Suomen kuunnelluin radiokanava on Yle Radio Suomi [].

    Suosituin kaupallinen radiokanava on Radio Nova [] []. Claes Thunberg hallitsi luvulla pikaluistelua. Veikko Hakulisesta tuli luvulla yksi kaikkien aikojen hiihtourheilijoista.

    Luettelo valtioista Eurooppa Euroopan neuvosto Euroopan unioni. Ristiretket Suomeen , Ruotsalaisten tulo Suomeen. Ruotsin vallan aika Suomessa , Kristinuskon historia Suomessa.

    Suomen politiikka ja Suomen hallinto. Suomen valtion alue- ja paikallishallinto. Suomen lentoasemat ja -paikat. Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja , s.

    Suomen saari ja muinaisrunon saari, Kalevalaseuran vuosikirja 44 , Keskiajan suomen kielen dokumentoitu sanasto ensiesiintymisvuosineen , s.

    Suomen geologinen seura, Esihistoriasta Kustaa Vaasaan , s. Porvoo - Helsinki - Juva: Beljakov aloitti uudet vaaran vuodet. Embracing globalization and sharing risks.

    Energian kokonaiskulutus nousi 2 prosenttia vuonna Energian hankinta ja kulutus. Helsingin yliopisto paransi sijoitustaan maailmanlistalla Helsingin Sanomat.

    Artikkeli teoksessa Spectrum tietokeskus. Tom of Finland alias Touko Laaksonen. Radio Novasta Suomen kuunnelluin kaupallinen radiokanava: Valitsimme kaikkien aikojen parasta suomalaisurheilijaa — katso lista ja kommentoi!

    Wikimatkoissa on matkaopas aiheesta Suomi. Wikimedia Commonsissa on kuvia tai muita tiedostoja aiheesta Suomi. Begreppet blev en del av svenske kungens titulatur men fick ingen praktisk betydelse.

    Samma morgon fick Helsingfors erfara flygbombningar. Under vinterkriget hade Finland orienterat sig mot Skandinavien. I oktober kom saken fram igen i form av en svensk-finsk union.

    I och med samarbetet med tyskarna blev man snart medveten om Tysklands planerade operation mot Sovjetunionen. Stridigheterna avslutades 4 september och fredsavtalet undertecknandes 19 september I och med mellanfreden i Moskva hade Finland lyckats undvika ockupation.

    Det blev dock ingen kupp. Detta rekord var ,5 grader Celsius. Akseli Gallen-Kallelas stil inspirerades av symbolismen och jugendstilen och tog upp motiv ur Kalevala.

    Die Gegend um den Inarijärvi in Nordostlappland weist eine hohe Seendichte auf. Finnland verfolgte einerseits eine strikte Neutralitätspolitik, andererseits eine insbesondere durch Präsident Juho Kusti Paasikivi vorangetriebene Politik der Versöhnung mit der Sowjetunion. Frisch, überraschend und unvoreingenommen — das Neueste im Bereich zeitgenössischer klassischer Musik. In manchen ländlichen Gegenden dominieren Erweckungsbewegungen das Gemeindeleben. Als Vater der klassischen Musik in Finnland gilt der aus Hamburg stammende Fredrik Pacius , der durch seine Lehrtätigkeit in Helsinki ab das Idiom der deutschen Romantik nach Finnland vermittelte. Etymologie des Ländernamens im Norden Royale Ahnenforschung: Die Weihnachtszeit endet mit dem 6. Jahrhunderts ausgerottet, ehe seit den er Jahren wieder eine kleine Population aus Russland nach Kainuu und Nordkarelien einwanderte. Im Südwesten herrschte die Suomusjärvi-Kultur , die zwischen ca. Auch diese Art konnte durch ein rigides Jagdverbot gerettet werden:

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